There are about 19 Leprosy prone districts in West Bengal of which 9 contribute about 70% of the Leprosy population
Given below are the description of colonies which falls under the following leprosy prone district.
Kalyanpur Leprosy colony, Bankura.
In Bankura District there are several settlement established for the leprosy-affected physically challenged persons. The names of the colonies are Nabajibanpur, Kalyanpur, Mangalchandi, Piyardoba,Bishnupur etc.
Of these, Nabajibanpur and Kalyanpur are bigger settlement, having 273 and 200 odd families respectively and the rest having 16 to 50 families.
Gauripur Leprosy Hospital
Gauripur Leprosy Hospital situated at Kalyanpur is one of the oldest Leprosy hospitals in India. According to the inhabitants people from all over West Bengal used to come here for treatment .This colonies were established to rehabilitate the medically treated and cured leprosy patient who couldn’t go back to their families mainly due to social stigma.
- Though a lot of work has been done in rural electrification, most of these colonies have no power supply.
- No of Families : 250(Approx)
- Civic Amenities: Drainage facility is poor, most of the houses do not have toilet.
- There is a Leprosy Hospital by the name of Gauripur Leprosy Hospital which caters to the need of Leprosy patients.
- There are primary as well as secondary school in Anchuri, 3 km from the colony.
2. District Purulia
i)) Manirampur Leprosy Colony, Adra.
ii) Simonpurpur Leprosy Colony, Purulia.
Simonpur Leprosy Colony, Purulia
Simonpur Leprosy Colony is situated at the outskirts of Purulia Town.
Parents waiting to get their children enrolled
- Number of families residing there is about 400.
- Most of the houses are Kaccha in nature.
- Drainage Facility is also very poor.
- Some of the houses have electricity.
- A German Missionary Rev Henry Uffman founded the Leprosy Mission Hospital, Purulia – formerly Mission to Lepers in the year 1888. Rev Uffman was a Missionary of Gossner Evangelical Lutheran Mission. Hospital does lot community based rehabilitation programme. A primary school is also being run by hospital.
- Compared to other colonies, literacy percentage is also high in Simonpur.
- There is acute water shortage existing in this area.
- Main occupation here is rickshaw pulling, illicit country liquor smuggling and daily labour. Some of the residents here are employed in Leprosy Mission Hospital.
Manipur Leprosy colony,Adra.
Manipur Leprosy Colony of Adra is situated beside the Railway Station and on Railway property. It is one of the largest Leprosy colony in West Bengal.
- Total Number of Families is about 250.
- Most of the inhabitants do not have proper toilet facilities.
- Drainage facility is also very poor.
- Most of the houses are of Kaccha in nature and do not have electricity.
- There is an office of Paschim Banga Kustha Kalyan Parishad, a government body, inside the colony. Mr. Naba Kumar Das, Secretary of the Parishad, is the main coordinator. He is also Incharge of the Manipur Leprosy Rehabilitation Centre which was formed as a registered society on 11 December 1979 at Adra in Purulia. The aim of the organization is to end social victimization, harassment and nomadic life of leprosy patients.
- There is a primary school by the name of Arunadaya Sishu Sikhsha Niketan in the colony
- A clinic is run for the Leprosy patient from the office of Parishad.
- Main Occupation of the residents of the colony is begging, manufacturing of country made liquor, Rickshaw Puller and Rag Picker.
3. District West Midnapore
i)Nimpura Leprosy Colony, Kharagpur.
Number of Families: 300(Approx)
- Civic Amenities: There is acute water problem existing in this area.
- Houses are mostly Kaccha in nature.
- There is a Leprosy clinic in the colony which operates once a week.
- There is a factory of Tata Bearings nearby the colony. Some of the resident work .Other occupations are coal smuggling, Rag pickers etc.
- As in other Leprosy colonies, there is lack of basic health and hygiene.
- Communicable diseases are rampant.
4. District Burdawan
i)Lacchipur Leprosy Colony, Sitarampore
Sitarampur a small township just off the Asansol-Dhanbad stretch of the Grand Trunk Road, was one of the early hubs of coal mining activity. Coal was found in abundance around Sitarampur in the early years of the 19th century and mining started at this place in a big way. It is located in Asansol subdivision of Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Area is also famous for illegal coal mining and other anti –social activity.
Feature of the colony: - Most distinguishing as well as disturbing features of Lacchipur Leprosy colony leprosy colonies are location of a big sex trade market just opposite to this colonies .
Young girls are lured in Flesh trade at very young age due to lure of money which creates a huge social in equilibrium
The area is void of basic civic amenities.
- Literacy percentage is very low among the people of this colony.
- Drainage system is very poor resulting in open sewerage.
- Most of the house is devoid of any electricity.
- An NGO by the Sewa runs an office near the colony to educate the people about safe sex and other related problem as there is a flesh trade market just opposite of Leprosy colony.
- Most of the residents here are engaged as daily labour and income generation is very poor.
- Domestic violence due to consumption of illicit liquor is very rampant
Slums in Mannicktola
Slums are integral component of human settlements in developing countries.
Kolkata is no exception to this phenomenon. Around one-third of
KMA’s population lives in slums. The slums are to be found in larger number in the
Cities of Kolkata and Howrah.
As this slums are mostly unauthorized structure, so no basic civic amenities is available.
There is no proper sewerage system; sanitation is very poor making it breeding ground for disease like Malaria, TB and Leprosy.
There is a Leprosy mission Center in Mannicktola so people hailing from this area have easy access to Leprosy related medicine